Meningitis And The Different Types of This Disease
Summary of Human Biology 1101-01
Ready for: Mentor Braun
January 14, 2013
Meningitis is definitely an infection from the membranes in the brain and spinal cord, which is sometimes called the meninges, and causes inflammation. This irritation can be caused by a virus, bacterias, or different microorganisms, but can also be triggers by specific types of medication which is unusual. Meningitis can be a medical unexpected emergency because the swelling is very nearby the brain and spinal cord, and will severely damage the area. You will find five several types of meningitis, that are bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic, and noninfectious meningitis. All are caused by a different substance and treated with different types of medications. History
There is very much debate about who was the first in line to discover meningitis. Reports of meningitis include dated back into the sixteenth century. Many believe that the father of traditional western medicine, Hippocrates, was the 1st to discover meningitis. Hippocrates learned the important consequences of the contamination, and the obvious clinical description of meningitis (Roos, Tunkel, & Scheld, 2004). Ibn Sina, or perhaps Avicenna, was the first to find that meningitis was a disease, but many of his conclusions for meningitis were not much in detail and cannot be identified today (Sarrafzadeh, et. approach, 2011). This individual believed that numerous of his headaches had been a pain by toxic prescription drugs that triggered the membranes surrounding his brain to swell. In 1768, Sir Robert Whytt discovered tuberculous meningitis, which was described as" dropsy of the brain. вЂќ Sir Robert Whytt also discovered tuberculosis, in which the connection between meningitis and tuberculosis was not found out until the next century. One of the initial meningitis outbreaks was recorded by Gaspard Vieusseux, in 1805, in Geneva, Switzerland. He wrote regarding an pandemic with people creating a malignant purpuric fever, that was the initial clinical explanation of meningococcemia with meningitis (Roos, Tunkel, & Scheld, 2004). Vieusseux believed that fever was not passed through direct contact with people, but through " awful airвЂќ (Souza & Indudable, 2008). Because of the meningitis crisis of 1805, there were 33 deaths in the vicinity of Switzerland. A single person wrote regarding the pandemic of meningococcemia. Dr . Samuel Woodward in 1807 referred to it as having discomfort in the muscles, chills, transientness of durability, severe soreness in the head, stomach problems, watering eyes, irregular heartbeat, and death was very close for the first start these symptoms (Roos, Tunkel, & Scheld, 2004). The first report to ever be written was by Anton Weichelbaum, who have discovered the bacterial infection underlying meningitis and described the difficulties underlying meningococcus. Around the same time, Heinrich Quincke offered a early way to investigate meningitis through the use of lumbar puncture and employing cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). Using the two of these techniques helped associate someone with meningitis and was well recognized by turn of the century in 1900 (Roos, Tunkel, & Scheld, 2004). There were some types of treatment courses in the early years in the 20th 100 years. They first started taking large amounts of cerebral spinal fluid together direct place of chemicals, i. e. enzymes, into the body. It was not right up until 1913 that an antimeningococcal serum is discovered to decrease the mortality charge in people with meningitis that has been discovered simply by Simon Flexner. Even though this treatment was very toxic, it ended the fatality rates by going up all through World Conflict I as well as for many years after. Inside the mid-1940s, penicillin was discovered and utilized for the first time to take care of patients who may have meningococcal meningitis. Many people believed this was the end from the meningitis scare, but in the latest decades the mortality price has not changed (Roos, Tunkel, & Scheld, 2004). Bacterial Meningitis
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